Currently, while we go about our daily activities unaware that our understanding of the world may be fundamentally challenged soon; physicists are arguing about the disagreement between the two fundamental theories of reality. (See "Relativity vs. Quantum Mechanics" for more information) Hidden from view in the current dialog is one of the earliest participants in the discussion: Max Planck. Fundamental to the equations regarding relativity is the understanding gained from the Planck Scale. Fundamental to the understanding of quantum mechanics as we currently know it is the formalization of quantum energy states, also undertaken by Max Planck. His view was that wave dynamics would overtake quantum mechanics (this idea is also known as "the hidden variables" assumption in quantum theory, it has a lot of proponents). This hasn't happened.
As the father of both theories, however, perhaps we can use one of his equations to discover the loophole that would allow the interoperability of both systems. I have in mind the Planck scale. Why? Below the planck length all physics seems to break down. All that can be discerned becomes uncertain and strange. Not only that, but also the universal speed limit determined by Einstein is no longer in place. Energy, matter, form, all lose focus. But reactions can take place... they just happen differently.
Not long ago, there were a handful of physicists working with the notion that information could be the basis of physical reality. Then string theory came out with a more complete physics theory than any other besides the standard model. It seemed to be a theory for everything... it worked well with quantum theory but not gravity. Relativity and Einstein were still needed, but were very much separate from the quantum world. But the Planck Scale changes everything.
Qibs... My Own Theory for a Fundamental Unit of Quantum Information, Relativity, Time, Quantum Interactions, and Reality Itself
Within string theory we discover the smallest knowable chunk of matter, the string. Believe it or not, strings exist at about Planck length. That oddity becomes more important when looking at other matters. Strings vibrate. That vibration disturbs the space-time (or aether if you prefer physics from a pre-Einstein perspective) around the string, which could generate waves of probabilistic information. These waves behave as information because:
1.At the level that they act they are unable to carry energy of much consequence
2. At this level they also travel extraordinarily fast relative to anything we know of
3. As a part of quantum processes that happen faster than the speed of light, they are so much faster than the speed of light that their location in the universe is of the ultimate level of indeterminability
4.Time has no meaning at scales faster than light
5. They must act in concert with each other, in multiple passes to produce quantum effects
6. Their behavior is already the basis of the new field of quantum computing
So the conclusion is that these waves are tiny, imperceptible, chunks of reality that alter the nature of reality in a way that doesn't involve energy or matter... they could be called quantum information bits (qibs for short... but pronounced quibs as a sidenote). By exclusion I have found them to be the basis of a new reaction in which frameworks of reality are defined, through a process that could be called "quantum optimization". These information frameworks are the basis of space and time itself. This is a new relativity, which could explain virtual particles, quantum tunneling, entanglement. With the addition of fields and how the interactions between them generate an attractive force, it could conceivably be used to work out a theory of gravity that works with quantum theory.
Other Works about Quantum Information as A Base for Physical Reality:
Decoding Reality: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Decoding_Reality
PBS Nova "Is Information Fundamental": http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/blogs/physics/2014/04/is-information-fundamental/
"The Foundation of Reality: Information or Quantum Mechanics": https://www.technologyreview.com/s/413515/the-foundation-of-reality-information-or-quantum-mechanics/